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What Is the Hazardous Waste (HW)


According to the Georgian legislation, waste is the every object which the owner gets rid of, wants to get rid of or must get rid of.


Hazardous waste (HW) is the waste, which has one or more of the following characteristics listed in the Georgian Act of Waste Management:


·         Everything explosive

·         Oxidizing

·         Flammable (easily flammable)

·         Inflammable (flammable)

·         Irritant

·         Harmful

·         Toxic

·         Carcinogenic

·         Corrosive

·         Infectious

·         Toxic to the fetus

·         Mutagenic

·         Sensitizing

·         Eco-toxic


Hazardous is also the waste, which releases, extracts or secretes toxic or extra-toxic gases as a result of reacting with water, air or acids, also the waste which after disposal can release, extract or secret substances (e.g. leachate having one of the above characteristics). 


HWs in Georgia are widely represented by the abandoned chlorine cylinders and containers, as well as the outdated and unused chemical reagents and materials, which pose a direct threat to the life and health of population and is deadly dangerous to animals and plants.



Which Threats Do the HWs Pose to Human Health and Environment

-          Release of chlorine to atmosphere can cause human death and acute poisoning of population.

-          The considerable amount of chemical reagents and utensils improperly stored in the secondary and higher education institutions poses direct threats to the life and health of students

-          Chemical solutions and solid chemicals washed out and poured into the sevege systems damage them and contaminate the environment, animals and plants.



What We Must Do After Detecting the Danger


Urgently move away from the indicated dangerous object at a distance of at least 150 m (chlorine cylinder detected) and 500 m (chlorine container detected), moving with the wind or perpendicular to it and avoiding grooves, ditches, trenches and other similar places.



Where and How Are the HWs Disposed in Georgia


Today the majority of water chlorination stations in Georgia has been stopped and are totally abandoned, while hundreds and hundreds of chlorine vessels (cylinders and containers) are scattered without any accounting and control in the hundreds of settlements, often in the close proximity to the hospitals, kindergartens, schools, public buildings and houses of the population.


An unknown volume of improperly stored chemicals and materials are disposed without any attention in more than 2500 secondary and higher education institutions on the whole territory of Georgia.